Unlike many other phenomena, demo­graphic developments can be forecast fairly accurately. It’s certain that the world’s pop­ulation will continue to grow, especially in Africa. However, the pace will decline substantially ­between now and 2100

The UN uses different projections for its forecasts. The information in this overview is based on the medium variant. It’s 95 percent likely that the values will be within the marked range

Graphical representation of the earth's population 1950 – 2100

World population by region, in billions

Estimates (1950 to the present)

Graphical representation of the earth's population 1950 - today


29.6% ­of the world ­population lives in cities.


The world population grows at its ­highest rate: 2.2 percent.


Africa has around 250 million inhabitants.


According to a computer simulation conducted by the Club of Rome, the world population will begin to shrink in 2072 if resource consumption continues to rise at the previous rate.


The US population grows by 2.3 million per year. It will slow to 1.5 million in around 2050.


The Earth is inhabited by 7.58 billion people.

World population by region, in billions

Forecasts (until 2100)

Graphical representation of the earth's population today - 2100


3.4 percent of all ­children who are born alive die before they reach their fifth birthday. This figure was still 9.1 percent in 1990.


At 38.9 million, New Delhi is the world’s most populous city. It’s currently Tokyo, at 37.4 million..


64.5 percent of the world population lives in cities.


34.2 percent of all Japanese people are over 65. 2018: 28.2 percent.


Two thirds of all women have fewer than 2.1 children, the value at which a population no longer grows.


50 percent of all young people between the ages of 15 and 24 live in Africa.


Six countries have more than 300 million inhabitants each: India, China, Nigeria, the USA, Indonesia, and Pakistan.


Ten billion people ­inhabit the Earth.


Europeans have an average life expectancy of 89.3 years at birth. It’s currently 77.2 years.

Sources: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision, The Limits to Growth
Photo: Getty Images
Graphics: KNSKB+


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