WE’RE MULTIPLYING

Unlike many other phenomena, demo­graphic developments can be forecast fairly accurately. It’s certain that the world’s pop­ulation will continue to grow, especially in Africa. However, the pace will decline substantially ­between now and 2100

The UN uses different projections for its forecasts. The information in this overview is based on the medium variant. It’s 95 percent likely that the values will be within the marked range

Graphical representation of the earth's population 1950 – 2100

World population by region, in billions

Estimates (1950 to the present)

Graphical representation of the earth's population 1950 - today

1950

29.6% ­of the world ­population lives in cities.

1962

The world population grows at its ­highest rate: 2.2 percent.

1965

Africa has around 250 million inhabitants.

1972

According to a computer simulation conducted by the Club of Rome, the world population will begin to shrink in 2072 if resource consumption continues to rise at the previous rate.

2010-2015

The US population grows by 2.3 million per year. It will slow to 1.5 million in around 2050.

2019

The Earth is inhabited by 7.58 billion people.

World population by region, in billions

Forecasts (until 2100)

Graphical representation of the earth's population today - 2100

2030

3.4 percent of all ­children who are born alive die before they reach their fifth birthday. This figure was still 9.1 percent in 1990.

2030

At 38.9 million, New Delhi is the world’s most populous city. It’s currently Tokyo, at 37.4 million..

2040

64.5 percent of the world population lives in cities.

2040

34.2 percent of all Japanese people are over 65. 2018: 28.2 percent.

2045-2050

Two thirds of all women have fewer than 2.1 children, the value at which a population no longer grows.

2050

50 percent of all young people between the ages of 15 and 24 live in Africa.

2050

Six countries have more than 300 million inhabitants each: India, China, Nigeria, the USA, Indonesia, and Pakistan.

2055

Ten billion people ­inhabit the Earth.

2095-2100

Europeans have an average life expectancy of 89.3 years at birth. It’s currently 77.2 years.

Sources: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision, The Limits to Growth
Photo: Getty Images
Graphics: KNSKB+

PUBLICATION DATE

27 June 2019

Portraits

Good Ideas

Introducing a “Biotech Queen” from India, a “digital Gyro Gearloose,” and an inventor who helps people with dementia.

Collage of people, skyscrapers and soap bubbles

Futurology

Knowing what will count

What will the world look like in 2040? Futurologists at Evonik have developed five scenarios.

Corporate Foresight

We Can Use That

Is used sports clothing a valuable raw material for new sneakers? Can discarded fishing nets be used to make ladies’ tights? Yes, all this is possible.

Fabiana Scapolo

Future of Europe

Modern Talking

Fabiana Scapolo, the Deputy Head of the EU Policy Lab, explains the central challenges facing Europe.

ELEMENTS Newsletter
Get fascinating insights into the research Evonik is conducting, and its social relevance, by subscribing to our free newsletter.